At national level there is no formal legal obligation for local authorities to implement a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP). In 2011 the Institute for Transport and Mobility (IMT),developed a national strategy for the approach of accessibility, transport and mobility, and their relation with land use planning, designated as Mobility Package, including:
- National Directives for Mobility - which set the national strategy for mobility and the appropriate instruments to put in place;
- Guide for the development of Mobility and Transport Plans (PMT, the name adopted for SUMP), supports technically the development of PMT, defining contents and methodologies;
- Guide for the development of Mobility Plans for Companies and Poles (large- and medium-sized trips generators and attracters);
- Technical and Thematic brochures on sustainable mobility and SUMP/PMT;
- Guidance on accessibility, mobility and transport issues in land use planning instruments at municipal level.
The National Directives were proposed to be adopted as a Ministers Council Resolution in 2012, making PMT mandatory for municipalities over 50 000 inhabitants or for district capitals, and voluntary in others. The Transport Metropolitan Authorities of Lisbon and Porto are legally obliged to prepare a PMT, which have not yet been done. From 2010 to 2012, 10 municipal or inter-municipal PMTs were launched; seven of them are finished. This process was stopped due the financial crises. Nine applications for the development of PMT (starting in 2015) supported by the Energy Efficiency Fund are in a final stage of approval.
The new European regional funding framework (2014-2020) limits the support for urban mobility measures to those included in integrated mobility plans. Subsequently the Regional Operational Programmes indicate the Portuguese Mobility Package as the reference for municipalities. As an outcome of this, a high number of PMTs are expected to be started.
Urban mobility planning guidance
- Guide for the development of Mobility Plans for Companies and Poles (large- and medium-sized trips generators and attracters)
- Technical and Thematic brochures on sustainable mobility and SUMP/PMT
- Guidance on accessibility, mobility and transport issues in land use planning instruments at municipal level, 2011
Main national support mechanisms
- National Directives on Sustainable Mobility and Transport (in Portuguese) - developed under the Mobility Package